Nov 21, 2015 ruochenxing java springmvc

springmvc导出excel并弹出下载框

加入对应的jar包,包括springmvc,poi的,

jar包

spring jar包在此不列举出来,主要是poi包, 下载地址 或者搜poi3.9

定义实体类:

public class Project {
    private Integer id;
    private String name;
    private String technology;//所用技术
    private String remarks;//备注
    //省略setter/getter
}

控制器类:

import java.io.BufferedInputStream;
import java.io.BufferedOutputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.servlet.ServletOutputStream;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletRequest;
import javax.servlet.http.HttpServletResponse;
import org.springframework.stereotype.Controller;

import com.entity.Project;
import com.util.ExcelUtil;

@Controller
public class DownloadAct {
    @RequestMapping(value="download_project.do")
    public String download(HttpServletRequest request,HttpServletResponse response) throws IOException{
        String fileName="excel文件";
        //填充projects数据
        List<Project> projects=createData();
        List<Map<String,Object>> list=createExcelRecord(projects);
        String columnNames[]={"ID","项目名","销售人","负责人","所用技术","备注"};//列名
        String keys[]    =     {"id","name","saler","principal","technology","remarks"};//map中的key
        ByteArrayOutputStream os = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
        try {
            ExcelUtil.createWorkBook(list,keys,columnNames).write(os);
        } catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        byte[] content = os.toByteArray();
        InputStream is = new ByteArrayInputStream(content);
        // 设置response参数,可以打开下载页面
        response.reset();
        response.setContentType("application/vnd.ms-excel;charset=utf-8");
        response.setHeader("Content-Disposition", "attachment;filename="+ new String((fileName + ".xls").getBytes(), "iso-8859-1"));
        ServletOutputStream out = response.getOutputStream();
        BufferedInputStream bis = null;
        BufferedOutputStream bos = null;
        try {
            bis = new BufferedInputStream(is);
            bos = new BufferedOutputStream(out);
            byte[] buff = new byte[2048];
            int bytesRead;
            // Simple read/write loop.
            while (-1 != (bytesRead = bis.read(buff, 0, buff.length))) {
                bos.write(buff, 0, bytesRead);
            }
        } catch (final IOException e) {
            throw e;
        } finally {
            if (bis != null)
                bis.close();
            if (bos != null)
                bos.close();
        }
        return null;
    }
    private List<Project> createData() {
        // TODO Auto-generated method stub
        //自己实现
        return null;
    }
    private List<Map<String, Object>> createExcelRecord(List<Project> projects) {
        List<Map<String, Object>> listmap = new ArrayList<Map<String, Object>>();
        Map<String, Object> map = new HashMap<String, Object>();
        map.put("sheetName", "sheet1");
        listmap.add(map);
        Project project=null;
        for (int j = 0; j < projects.size(); j++) {
            project=projects.get(j);
            Map<String, Object> mapValue = new HashMap<String, Object>();
            mapValue.put("id", project.getId());
            mapValue.put("name", project.getName());
            mapValue.put("technology", project.getTechnology());
            mapValue.put("remarks", project.getRemarks());
            listmap.add(mapValue);
        }
        return listmap;
    }
}

Excel工具类:

import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import org.apache.poi.hssf.usermodel.HSSFWorkbook;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Cell;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.CellStyle;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Font;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.IndexedColors;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Row;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Sheet;
import org.apache.poi.ss.usermodel.Workbook;
/**
 * 导出Excel文档工具类
 * @author 那位先生
 * @date 2014-8-6
 * */
public class ExcelUtil {

    /**
     * 创建excel文档,
     * @param list 数据
     * @param keys list中map的key数组集合
     * @param columnNames excel的列名
     * */
    public static Workbook createWorkBook(List<Map<String, Object>> list,String []keys,String columnNames[]) {
        // 创建excel工作簿
        Workbook wb = new HSSFWorkbook();
        // 创建第一个sheet(页),并命名
        Sheet sheet = wb.createSheet(list.get(0).get("sheetName").toString());
        // 手动设置列宽。第一个参数表示要为第几列设;,第二个参数表示列的宽度,n为列高的像素数。
        for(int i=0;i<keys.length;i++){
            sheet.setColumnWidth((short) i, (short) (35.7 * 150));
        }

        // 创建第一行
        Row row = sheet.createRow((short) 0);

        // 创建两种单元格格式
        CellStyle cs = wb.createCellStyle();
        CellStyle cs2 = wb.createCellStyle();

        // 创建两种字体
        Font f = wb.createFont();
        Font f2 = wb.createFont();

        // 创建第一种字体样式(用于列名)
        f.setFontHeightInPoints((short) 10);
        f.setColor(IndexedColors.BLACK.getIndex());
        f.setBoldweight(Font.BOLDWEIGHT_BOLD);

        // 创建第二种字体样式(用于值)
        f2.setFontHeightInPoints((short) 10);
        f2.setColor(IndexedColors.BLACK.getIndex());

//        Font f3=wb.createFont();
//        f3.setFontHeightInPoints((short) 10);
//        f3.setColor(IndexedColors.RED.getIndex());

        // 设置第一种单元格的样式(用于列名)
        cs.setFont(f);
        cs.setBorderLeft(CellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
        cs.setBorderRight(CellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
        cs.setBorderTop(CellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
        cs.setBorderBottom(CellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
        cs.setAlignment(CellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);

        // 设置第二种单元格的样式(用于值)
        cs2.setFont(f2);
        cs2.setBorderLeft(CellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
        cs2.setBorderRight(CellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
        cs2.setBorderTop(CellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
        cs2.setBorderBottom(CellStyle.BORDER_THIN);
        cs2.setAlignment(CellStyle.ALIGN_CENTER);
        //设置列名
        for(int i=0;i<columnNames.length;i++){
            Cell cell = row.createCell(i);
            cell.setCellValue(columnNames[i]);
            cell.setCellStyle(cs);
        }
        //设置每行每列的值
        for (short i = 1; i < list.size(); i++) {
            // Row 行,Cell 方格 , Row 和 Cell 都是从0开始计数的
            // 创建一行,在页sheet上
            Row row1 = sheet.createRow((short) i);
            // 在row行上创建一个方格
            for(short j=0;j<keys.length;j++){
                Cell cell = row1.createCell(j);
                cell.setCellValue(list.get(i).get(keys[j]) == null?" ": list.get(i).get(keys[j]).toString());
                cell.setCellStyle(cs2);
            }
        }
        return wb;
    }

}

在jsp页面中添加

 <input type="button" value="导出数据" onclick="download()"/>

js中添加

 	function download(){
        var url="download_customer.do";
        window.open(url);
    }

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